Before you can effectively write using the English language, or even analyze how others use writing effectively, you need to be familiar with the basic parts and components of the English language. Knowing and being able to identify these smaller component of your own language will allow you to write more effectively and assess and improve your own writing as the year progresses.

This week we will be examining how to correctly diagram relative pronouns.

Relative Pronouns are words that introduce adjective clauses : who, whom, whose, that, which.

Relative Adverbs can also introduce adjective clauses: where, why, when…

An adjective clause is a dependent clause that is used as an adjective. That means the whole clause modifies a noun or pronoun.

This is the house that Jack built.

That Jack built is a whole clause modifying the noun house That Jack built is an adjective clause.

Relative pronouns or relative adverbs link adjective clauses with the word in the independent clause that the adjective modified. The relative pronouns may act as a subject, direct object, object of the preposition, or a modifier within the adjective clause.




Now practice with the following sentences:

  1. I love the person who vaccumed the living room!
  2. Stacy walked slowing into the house that was haunted.
  3. The woman with whom I spoke sold real estate.
  4.  Are coaches who are also teachers paid double?
  5. The Christmas presents, which were wrapped in gold and green paper, looked perfect under the tree.
  6. The couples, who looked so happy and in love, danced all night.
  7. I gave her the carton of milk, which had been sitting in the fridge.