As we begin our next unit, it is important that you feel comfortable with the basic information regarding short stories first – after all, we will be analyzing many stories together the next two weeks, and you need to be familiar with the mechanics of story stories before you dive into a deep critical analysis.

In western storytelling we usually tell our stories using Freytag’s Pyramid:


Each part of the pyramid corresponds with a part of the plot. The sections of plot are:

  1. The Exposition: This is where we learn about the characters, the setting, the relationships between characters, and the background for the story about to take place. We also learn the primary motivations for many of the characters.
  2. Rising Action: